Northern Italy, Southern France
Temperatures in summer are moderate in the hills, but hot on the plain.These regions have the coldest temperatures in Italy during the winter. There is more humidity, more clouds, and less sunshine here than in the peninsula and islands. Cooler temperatures and less sunshine in the hills lead to wines with high acidity and moderate alcohol, but normally with full phenolic ripeness.
The South of France was known for producing great quantities of unremarkable wine to be blended and sold in bulk. In recent years, the global economy has largely shifted the production of those inexpensive wines to the New World. So the newest generation of winemakers in the South of France have set their focus on producing high-quality wines that reflect their specific appellations.