White Burgundy / Red Burgundy
Red Burgundy is wine that is made in the Burgundy region of eastern France using 100% Pinot Noir grapes. That's right, red Burgundy is just a Pinot Noir. White Burgundy is also made in Burgundy, but, since it is white, it is made from 100% Chardonnay grapes. That's it. Pretty simple, right?
Over the centuries, Burgundy has become known for being the best land in the world for producing both Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.
So now that we understand that both red Burgundy and white Burgundy are simply other names for Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, let's understand what makes these wines more coveted than versions of Pinot Noir and Chardonnay from other parts of the world.
What makes both Burgundian wines so special, is that Burgundy, more than probably any other wine region in the world, is completely influenced by its terroir. Terroir is a sense of place, it means that when you drink a wine, you completely taste the region where the wine was made. Most simply, terroir is the concept that the land from which the grapes are grown imparts a unique quality that is specific to that single vineyard.